Author Archives: gwaters

Netherlands refrains from using EVMs for good

The Dutch council of ministers decided yesterday to refrain from using electronic voting machines for good.

This dates mainly back to the activities from the “We don’t trust voting computers group” by Rop Gongrijp who demonstrated on Dutch TV live how one change the EPROM of the Nedap voting machine and make it play chess.

Currently we are waiting for the ruling from the German constitutional court on the use of similar models of the Nedap EVMs in Germany.

OVF Summit 2008

From 3rd to 4th of April the Overseas Voter Foundation will host its second annual summit to discuss

  • The power of the Internet to democratize voting information and access to all US citizens around the globe;
  • Military and Overseas Voters Speak Out: What are the challenges and how can we tackle them?
  • Internet Voting: The potential of online, Internet-based Voting for UOCAVA voters and reservations surrounding its implementation
  • The Uniformed and Overseas Citizen Absentee Voting Act: A critical discussion on the current UOCAVA legislation and the issues for states, election officials and voters surrounding the Act.
  • Reaching out to New UOCAVA Voters: Strategies and Actions for 2008: Paving new ways to reach the globally dispersed overseas contingent
  • How Other Countries Help Their Expatriates Vote: What can we learn from these various examples?

I’ve been invited to the summit in Munich, Germany to participate in a debate pro & con of Internet voting for citizens abroad. For sure this will be a perfect opportunity to discuss the results of the primaries and their experiments with internetvoting.

Besides me also Melanie Volkamer from the University of Passau will participate – any others are welcome to join in!

E-Voting PhD position in Spain

And a final post for today. Jordi Barrat gave me note about a job offering for a PhD position on E-Voting. He is constitutional law professor at the University of Alicante. You don’t need to be proficient in Spanish although it would definitely help a lot 😉

Read more here:

Framework: The position is funded by the Spanish government within the
following research project: SEJ2007-64886 (Citizens, new technologies and decision process: the e-voting challenges).

The main goal of the project consist in assessing the challenges of e-voting systems with an approach based on social sciences, including law, political science and philosophy. Its members belong to different Spanish Universities: the University of Barcelona, the Complutense University of Madrid and the Rovira i Virgili University.

Topic: Electronic Voting. It includes, but it is not limited, the following topics:

  • certification procedures
  • digital divide
  • auditability
  • transparency
  • vote’s secrecy
  • freedom of vote
  • usability
  • technoscience
  • identification procedures
  • electoral authorities
  • political socialization
  • effects on turnout

Years: 2008 / 2011 (4 years)

Location: Depending on the scientific profile of the candidate.

He/She will work together with one of our current

members who belong to different Universities: Law (Alacant,

Complutense or Rovira i Virgili), Political Sciencie and Philosphy


Call for candidatures: expected January 2008.

People interested should send ASAP a cv and a short research outline to

NDI publishes >Monitoring Electronic Technologies in Electoral Processes: An NDI Guide for Political Parties and Civic Organizations<

I had the chance to review an earlier version of the manuscript – it gives a good introduction on the tough job on how to observe and monitor implementations of technology in the electoral process. This overview can serve as a good starting point for looking into the interdisciplinary issues involved and gives an overview on the international legal instruments that can help doing so.

From the guide’s abstract:

“This Guide will serve as a practical guide for nonpartisan monitors and political competitors. It will outline the various applications of electronic technologies in the election process, the critical points where transparency and access are needed to verify the integrity of the technologies, and common techniques for verifying their integrity.

The specific objective of the Guide is to increase the understanding of civil society and political party leaders regarding: (a) what access and transparency measures to demand to establish safeguards concerning electronic electoral technologies; and (b) what skills their organizations will need to develop to verify the integrity of electronic electoral technologies.”

Please contact Laura Grace ( from NDI for obtaining a copy.

Springer Proceedings LNCS 4896 E-Voting and Identity

Following the successful VOTE-ID conference in Bochum last year, the conference chairs, Ammar Alkassar and Melanie Volkamer managed to accomplish very interesting post proceedings to appear the in the prestigious LNCS series from Springer publications.

The following articles are included:

The Development of Remote E-Voting Around the World: A Review of Roads and Directions
Robert Krimmer, Stefan Triessnig und Melanie Volkamer

  • Remote Voting Schemes: A Comparative Analysis
    Jordi Puiggali und Victor Morales-Rocha
  • Internet-Voting: Opportunity or Threat for Democracy?
    Emmanuel Benoist, Bernhard Anrig und David-Olivier Jaquet-Chiffelle
  • Assessing Procedural Risks and Threats in e-Voting: Challenges and an Approach
    Komminist Weldemariam, Adolfo Villafiorita und Andrea Mattioli
  • Compliance of RIES to the Proposed e-Voting Protection Profile
    Hugo Jonker und Melanie Volkamer
  • Compliance of POLYAS with the BSI Protection Profile ? Basic Requirements for Remote Electronic Voting Systems
    Kai Reinhard und Wolfgang Jung
  • Electronic Voting in Belgium: Past and Future
    Danny De Cock und Bart Preneel
  • The Digital Voting Pen at the Hamburg Elections 2008: Electronic Voting Closest to Conventional Voting
    Joerg Arzt-Mergemeier, Willi Beiss und Thomas Steffens
  • The Security Analysis of e-Voting in Japan
    Hiroki Hisamitsu und Keiji Takeda
  • Bingo Voting: Secure and Coercion-Free Voting Using a Trusted Random Number Generator
    Jens-Matthias Bohli, Jörn MĂŒller-Quade und Stefan Röhrich
  • Enhancing the Trust and Perceived Security in e-Cognocracy
    Joan Josep Piles, José Luis Salazar, José Ruíz und José María Moreno-Jiménez
  • Simulation-Based Analysis of E2E Voting Systems
    Olivier de Marneffe, Olivier Pereira und Jean-Jacques Quisquater
  • A Simple Technique for Safely Using Punchscan and PrĂȘt Ă  Voter in Mail-In Elections Stefan Popoveniuc und David Lundin
  • Threat Analysis of a Practical Voting Scheme with Receipts
    Sebastien Foulle, Steve Schneider, Jacques Traoré und Zhe Xia
  • Secure Internet Voting with Code Sheets
    Jörg Helbach und Jörg Schwenk
  • CodeVoting Protection Against Automatic Vote Manipulation in an Uncontrolled Environment
    Rui Joaquim und Carlos Ribeiro

For more information on how to obtain see:

Update on DB.E-Voting.CC

In the past months we enhanced our e-voting database both visually and functionality wise.
First of all we updated it to our CI and second also added the functionality to make accounts.
If you wish changes and addendums to the database can now be attributed to your account so
everybody can who that smart-ass is to have added all the information on - maybe the US e-elections (especially any elections on the Internet)?
We really need your support to add here more information so if you can spare some time and help us make this database more complete, do so! check it out at

The Primaries in the Semantic Web – US Election Monitor 2008

Now as the primaries heat up, I would like to point you to a project by my colleague Arno Scharl from the Modul University here in Vienna, Austria. It’s the a follow up to the Election Monitor he did for the 2004 presidential elections.

He uses semantic web technology to analyze both the attention and sentiments given to candidates in online media (news, blogs, etc.) worldwide – it can also be segmented by countries (US, CA, UK, AU/NZ) as well as different types of media (news, political blogs).

For example you can compare the attention given to Clinton in comparison to Obama. While the attention for the latter stays the same over the past, Clinton still getting the most attention is loosing attraction for the media. Unfortunately we have to wait for the next update (due tomorrow) to include the results of the first primaries in this analysis. It gives quite a good insight, so be sure to check it out.

Database on E-Voting Uses Worldwide

Did you ever ask yourself how many voters participated in the 2000
ICANN at large election?

Over the past 1 year I worked together with Stefan Triessnig and Daniel Botz on putting a WIKI-style database online, where everybody can document e-voting uses, trials, etc.

We have come with more than 228 E-Voting uses in our database. Currently it’s mainly European-focused, so we need the help of the US-community to include your continent’s experience in e-voting as well.

You can use the website in many ways. If you want information on a country?s
experiences just add the top level domain to the URL so i.e. for Germany.

If you want to stay up to date, you can subscribe to the RSS-Feed at

At the VOTE-ID-2007 conference I had a paper with the first analysis of the db’s data. you can download it here.
I’m happy to receive feedback on this initiative at